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Servlet Filters

You want it to run smoothly, look good, and be secure for all your guests (or users). That's where Servlet Filters come into play – they're like the bouncers at the door of your web application, making sure everything and everyone is safe and sound.

Servlet Filters are these cool little tools in the Java world that intercept requests and responses as they flow through your web application. They can do all sorts of things, from checking if someone's logged in properly to blocking nasty stuff like spam or malicious requests. It's like having your own personal bodyguard for your website!

But here's the best part: Servlet Filters are super flexible. You can customize them to fit your specific needs. Want to add some extra security measures? No problem! Need to tweak how your application handles certain requests? With Servlet Filters, you're in control, making sure your web application is running smoothly and securely for everyone to enjoy. So, let's dive in and learn more about these awesome guardians of the web!

Imagine you have a basic web application with a servlet that handles user login. You want to ensure that only logged-in users can access certain pages. Here's how you can use a Servlet Filter to achieve that:

import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

public class AuthenticationFilter implements Filter {

    public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException {
        // Initialization code goes here, if needed

    public void doFilter(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response, FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException {
        HttpServletRequest httpRequest = (HttpServletRequest) request;
        HttpServletResponse httpResponse = (HttpServletResponse) response;

        // Check if the user is logged in
        if (httpRequest.getSession().getAttribute("user") == null) {
            // If not logged in, redirect to login page
        } else {
            // If logged in, continue with the request
            chain.doFilter(request, response);

    public void destroy() {
        // Clean-up code goes here, if needed

In this example, we've created a AuthenticationFilter class that implements the Filter interface provided by the Servlet API. Inside the doFilter method, we check if the user is logged in by inspecting the session. If the user is not logged in, we redirect them to the login page. Otherwise, we allow the request to continue by invoking chain.doFilter(request, response).

To use this filter, you need to map it to certain URLs or servlets in your web.xml configuration file:

/filter/web.xml file not found.

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